Study: Bimatoprost implant reduces IOP for 2 years or more

Felipe Medeiros, MD, presents results from a phase 3 clinical extension study of the bimatoprost implant that found patients’ IOP was lowered and stayed low with no additional treatment or changes in their visual fiends.

A phase 3 clinical extension study of the bimatoprost implant (Durysta, AbbVie Inc.) showed that patients had sustained lowering of their intraocular pressure (IOP) for 2 years or more with no additional treatment and no changes in their visual fields, according to Felipe Medeiros, MD, professor of ophthalmology and vice chair for Technology in the Department of Ophthalmology at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, the first author of the study.

Medeiros discussed the results at the American Academy of Ophthalmology 2021 annual meeting in New Orleans.

The previous results of the phase 1 and 2 clinical studies1,2 of the implant showed that the duration of the IOP-lowering effect of the implant had extended beyond the expected period of intraocular drug bioavailability, he explained.


The next steps

The investigators then conducted a 24-month, open-label, multicenter, long-term safety and efficacy extension study of patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who received a bimatoprost implant in a phase 3 trial and completed that study.

This study included patients who were enrolled after completing 1 of the 2 identically designed, 20-month, randomized, phase 3 ARTEMIS trials, Medeiros recounted.

The outcome measures of the extension study were both the number of patients who did not need additional (rescue) IOP-lowering treatment in the study eye for 2 or more or 3 or more years after the third implant administration during the ARTEMIS trial and the IOP and visual field mean deviation in the study eye of these patients.

The study is ongoing and the investigators analyzed all data available up to February 2021.

Results to date
A total of 200 patients were included in the extension trial after completing an ARTEMIS trial.

During the screening for the extension study, 69 of those patients had not received rescue treatment.

“The data that were available for 54 patients showed that these patients remained untreated for 2 years or more after they received the third implant during the ARTEMIS trial, and data available for 18 patients showed that they had remained untreated for 3 years or more after the third implant in the ARTEMIS trial,” Medeiros explained.

In addition, the visual fields of the patients in the extension study who did not require rescue medication, ie, 50 of those with controlled IOP for 2 years or more and 16 of those with controlled IOP for 3 years or more, remained stable.

The investigators theorized that the prolonged IOP-lowering effect may result from bimatoprost-stimulated up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases, leading to sustained tissue remodeling of the outflow pathways.

According to Meddeiros, clinical studies are continuing with the goal of obtaining a further understanding of the duration of effect of the bimatoprost implant and factors that predict a long-term response.

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References
1. Medeiros FA, Walters TR, Kolko M, et al. Phase 3, randomized, 20-month study of bimatoprost implant in open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension (ARTEMIS 1). Ophthalmology 2020;127:1627–41.

2. Craven ER, Walters T, Christie WC, et al. 24-month phase I/II clinical trial of bimatoprost sustained-release implant (bimatoprost SR) in glaucoma patients. Drugs 2020;80:167–79.