Lens combines diffractive multifocal and extended depth-of-focus properties.
Special to Ophthalmology Times®
In a recent prospective case series, my colleagues and I evaluated 3-month outcomes in 27 patients undergoing bilateral implantation of the ZFR00V lens (Tecnis Synergy; Johnson & Johnson Vision).1
This new intraocular lens (IOL) (Figure) combines the advantages of diffractive multifocal and extended-depth-of-focus (EDOF) IOLs.
Like other EDOF lenses, the elongated focus provides a more natural range of vision while minimizing dysphotopsia symptoms.
However, because it also has diffractive optics like multifocal IOLs, the hope was that this lens would improve near vision over EDOF lenses. Our study suggests that these goals have indeed been met.
Patients were followed at 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. Uncorrected and distance-corrected visual acuity were measured under various lighting conditions at far, intermediate (66 cm), and near (40 cm).
Quality of vision, visual symptoms, satisfaction, and spectacle independence were reported by patients via questionnaires at 3 months.
Related: Depth-of-focus enhancement makes target easier to hit
Defocus curves were also generated at the 3-month visit. The study was conducted prior to the availability of the toric version of this lens, so all patients less than or equal to 0.75 D of astigmatism preoperatively.
At 3 months, under photopic conditions, the mean monocular uncorrected distance acuity was 0.04 logMAR; mean uncorrected intermediate was 0.04, and mean uncorrected near was 0.05. Distance-corrected acuity was 0.03 and 0.00 at intermediate and near, respectively.
Under mesopic conditions, distance-corrected acuity was −0.01 for distance and 0.07 for near (Table). Uncorrected distance acuity of 20/32 (0.20 logMAR) or better was achieved by 96% of patients.
These distance results are better than those reported for multifocal IOLs in several published papers.2,3
Our results were better at intermediate and near than the FineVision trifocal4 and better at near than the PanOptix trifocal or the combination of Tecnis Symfony/ZMB00 lenses.5
The near vision is significantly better than has been reported with Tecnis Symfony, with similar intermediate and distance results.6
It was exciting to see that patients did not lose distance vision in mesopic lighting conditions, as this has historically been a weak point for multifocal IOLs.
Related: Presbyopia-correcting IOL improves vision for patients
The defocus curve was broad and smooth, demonstrating that the IOL provides 20/40 (0.30 logMAR) or better vision from +1.00 to −4.00 D and 20/25 (0.10 logMAR) or better from +0.05 to −3.00 D.
At 3 months, none of the patients reported using spectacles for distance, and 96% were totally spectacle independent at all distances. One patient (3.7%) said he used glasses for near and occasionally for intermediate.
Although some patients experienced glare, halo, or starbursts, as we would expect with diffractive optics, no patient rated their night vision symptoms as “severe” or “very bothersome.” Eighty-nine percent of patients were fairly to very satisfied with their vision.
We have come to expect an inverse relationship between near vision and nighttime quality of vision.
Typically with multifocal IOLs, better near vision is associated with higher rates of dysphotopsia, but we did not find that to be the case with this lens.
Related: Posterior corneal elevation: Is there a role for premium IOLs?
In my practice, this new lens has expanded the pool of candidates for presbyopia-correcting IOLs to include those with very high near demands.
In the past, low to moderate myopes who remove their glasses to read and hyperopes who are accustomed to a large magnification for near have been very difficult to satisfy with presbyopia-correcting IOLs.
Those who are short in stature or have short arms also demand very close near vision that has been hard for us to provide.
Because of its EDOF range from near to intermediate, this lens can satisfy these patients as well as those who prefer a more traditional near point.
In fact, the lens’ wide range for near vision means that patients do not need to experiment to find the best distance to hold their phone or the newspaper—they can just read at their normal distance.
Related: Advancements with preloaded IOL injectors
That has reduced the amount of time I need to spend on patient education and handholding after surgery and increased the proportion of happy faces I see at follow-up visits.
The good acuity and quality of intermediate vision are also extremely important to me. Intermediate vision tends to be an afterthought for clinicians because it is not a standard part of our exam in the way that distance and near acuity are.
However, the reality is that much of our patients’ lives happen at intermediate range.
Patients to exclude
As with any lens that incorporates diffractive technology, we should exclude patients as candidates for this lens if they have any other ocular pathology, such as glaucoma or macular issues.
Surgeons implanting the new IOL should target emmetropia rather than mini- or micromonovision, as some have done with other presbyopia-correcting IOLs, to ensure good near vision.
Related: IOL dilemma: Replacement or rescue
In fact, a myopic result risks compromising distance acuity, so I generally aim for the lowest positive predicted refraction (closest to plano).
Additionally, my personal preference for this and all presbyopia-correcting IOLs is bilateral implantation.
With neuroadaptation and binocular summation, we see further gains in vision and satisfaction at 3 and 6 months with these advanced IOLs compared to largely unchanged vision at that point after monofocal IOL implantation.
This is a welcome new addition to the expanding portfolio of presbyopia-correcting IOLs.
About the author
Filomena J. Ribeiro, MD, PhD, FEBO
Ribeiro is head of the Ophthalmology Department at Hospital da Luz in Lisbon, Portugal. This study was funded by a research grant from Johnson & Johnson Vision; she has no other financial relationships to disclose.
1. Ribeiro FJ, Ferreira TB, Silva D, Matos AC, Gaspar S. Visual outcomes and patient satisfaction after implantation of a presbyopia-correcting intraocular lens that combines extended depth-of-focus and multifocal profiles. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2021;47(11):1448-1453. doi:10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000659
2. Rosen E, Alió JL, Dick HB, Dell S, Slade S. Efficacy and safety of multifocal intraocular lenses following cataract and refractive lens exchange: metaanalysis of peer-reviewed publications. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2016;42(2):310-328. doi:10.1016/j.jcrs.2016.01.014
3. Kohnen T, Herzog M, Hemkeppler E, et al. Visual performance of a quadrifocal (trifocal) intraocular lens following removal of the crystalline lens. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017;184:52-62. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2017.09.016
4. Nagy ZZ, Popper-Sachetti A, Kiss HJ. Comparison of visual and refractive outcomes between hydrophilic and hydrophobic trifocal intraocular lenses sharing the same optical design. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2019;45(5):553-561. doi:10.1016/j.jcrs.2018.11.034
5. de Medeiros AL, de Araújo Rolim AG, Motta AFP, et al. Comparison of visual outcomes after bilateral implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens and blended implantation of an extended depth of focus intraocular lens with a diffractive bifocal intraocular lens. Clin Ophthalmol. 2017;11:1911-1916. doi:10.2147/OPTH.S145945
6. Ang RE, Picache GCS, Rivera MCR, Lopez LRL, Cruz EM. A comparative evaluation of visual, refractive, and patient-reported outcomes of three extended depth of focus (EDOF) intraocular lenses. Clin Ophthalmol. 2020;14:2339-2351. doi:10.2147/OPTH.S255285