How to handle a small pupil in combined surgery

The pupil that dilates poorly is frequently associated with both glaucoma and complications during combined surgery. With newer endolenticular techniques, especially with nucleofractis procedures and chop techniques, pupils do not need to be as large as previously required.1-4 However, there still are numerous instances in which the pupil is inadequate to allow the surgeon to proceed, and some form of manipulation or surgery is required.