Female ophthalmology residents performed both significantly (p < 0.001) fewer cataract surgeries and fewer total procedures (p < 0.001) compared with the male residents from 2005 to 2017.
There is no argument with the old adage “practice makes perfect.” This is especially true for ophthalmology residents. The results of studies both older and more recent all point in the same direction: operating room performance by ophthalmology residents improves with increasing numbers of surgeries.
However, a recent study found a highly noteworthy finding, i.e., that female residents performed significantly fewer cataract surgeries and significantly fewer total numbers of procedures compared with the male residents from 2005 to 2017 (p < 0.001 for both comparisons).
And this is despite that fact that the numbers of male and female residents were similar in ophthalmology training programs.
This raises the questions: While the numbers of men and women in the residency training programs were similar, was the surgical experience the same?
This finding emerged from a retrospective longitudinal analysis of recent case logs performed by Dan Gong, MD, and colleagues. The authors reported their findings in in JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137:1015-1020. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.2427.