Caroline Richards, editor of Ophthalmology Times Europe®, interviews Dr Lamis Baydoun on how corneal transplantation has changed—and what has been learned—since the introduction of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK)
A high number of corneal diseases only affect the inner layers of the cornea, that is, the Descemet membrane (DM) and endothelium. Until a few years ago, full-thickness corneal transplants—or penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)—typically took place, irrespective of whether the disease affected one or all layers. However, surgeons can now replace just the diseased parts with corresponding layers from healthy donor tissue in posterior lamellar corneal transplantation procedures.
Dr Lamis Baydoun, former head of academy and corneal surgeon at the Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery (NIIOS) in Rotterdam, has been heavily involved in developments with posterior lamellar keratoplasty and the most recent type of corneal surgery to spring from this, Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). At NIIOS, she taught dozens of surgeons across the world how to perform DMEK surgery, and her research continues to push the field forward.